February 20, 2014

Transient Killer Whales: How They Were Able To Thrive This Long

Transient killer whales are well-known for their resilience and will to survive. This is because they can thrive in places where other whales can't. The only time wherein the survival of a particular group of transient killer whales was threatened was during the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez oil spill back in the late 80's. By 2009, marine scientists estimated that the number of transient killer whales within the areas of Prince William Sound and Alaska's Kenai Fjord's has been reduced to less than a dozen. This was due to the fact that the whales weren't able to reproduce because of the effects of the oil spill. However, this was but an isolated event. In most areas where these killer whales live, they continue to thrive and reproduce.

Among the reasons why transient killer whales are thriving is the fact that they have consistent adaptive skills. They can adapt to changes in the environment whether these changes involve a shuffle in the food chain or jumps in temperature. The truth is killer whales can live within extreme environments from the frigid Arctic and Antarctic regions to the warm waters of tropical seas. Physically, transient killer whales have the body size and appetite that put them atop the marine food chain. That said, they don't have any predators except humans.

When it comes to prey and diet, transient killer whales have plenty of these in the areas where they live. Unlike resident killer whales who eat mostly fishes like salmon, transients prefer a more ambitious diet. This diet consists mostly of marine mammals like seals, dolphins, sea lions, and calves or juveniles of other whales such as humpback whales and grey whales. Transients are the only types of killer whales who attack and eat other whales. Killer whales are also known for hunting and eating sharks.
Photo: Flickr/Milan Boers
Transient killer whales have very little competition with regards to their source of food. As was mentioned earlier, in the marine food chain, they are the ones occupying the top spot. Everyone under them is considered food so it's rather unlikely that they will run out of it. They also have perfected a hunting technique that enables them to catch their prey by surprise. Unlike other types of killer whales, transients hunt in much smaller groups and they stalk their prey in utter silence. Their hunting strategy is cooperative in nature meaning every whale in a group has to contribute in the stalking and killing of a potential prey. This strategy has often been compared to the way wolf packs hunt for their food.

Whether they are traveling or hunting as a group, transient killer whales don't usually communicate with each other unlike other types of killer whales. They rarely utilize vocalization or echolocation. Instead, they silently and passively locate unsuspecting prey. They only vocalize during or after a successful kill.

Most transient killer whale populations around the world are currently thriving well. Since there's little threat to their existence and there's the fact that their sources of food are plentiful, they are expected to survive as long as these factors mentioned aren't compromised. And of course, they have great adaptive skills which have been a huge help to them so far.

February 19, 2014

True Detective Soundtrack: Songs and Music from the HBO Drama Series

If you are looking for the songs and music featured on the HBO drama series True Detective, then you've come to the right place. Listed below are the songs and music used in the show along with the musical artists behind them. Also included are videos and soundbites of the tracks if these happen to be legally available in online resources like YouTube and Soundcloud.

About the show:
Written and created by Nic Pizzolatto, True Detective follows two Louisiana State Police Criminal Investigations Division homicide detectives as they try to hunt down a serial killer operating in the Louisiana area. The first season premiered on January 12, 2014. It stars Matthew McCanaughey, Woody Harrelson, Michelle Monaghan, Tory Kittles, and Michael Potts.

The intro, opening theme song:
Far From Any Road by The Handsome Family - This is a track from the band's album called Singing Bones which was released in 2003 by Carrot Top Records. Other albums by The Handsome Family you might want to check out are Odessa (1994), Milk and Scissors (1996), Invisible Hands (1997), Through the Trees (1998), In the Air (2000), Twilight (2001), Last Days of Wonder (2006), Honey Moon (2009), and Wilderness (2013).

True Detective OST soundtrack/songs list:

Episode 1: The Long Bright Dark
1. Sign of the Judgement by The McIntosh County Shouters - as Rust and Marty drives to the house of Marie Fontenot
2. Young Men Dead by The Black Angels - end scene credits

Episode 2: Seeing Things
1) Train Song by Vashti Bunyan - when Lisa Tragnetti entertains a drunk Hart
2) You Better Run to the City of Refuge by C.J. Johnson - when Rust Cohle and Martin Hart are driving to the whorehouse
3) Meet Me in the Alleyway by Steve Earle - as Rust Cohle canvasses prostitutes
4) If I Live Or If I Die by Cuff The Duke - as Rust Cohle and Martin Hart are driving over to the church
5) The Kingdom of Heaven (Is Within You) by The 13th Floor Elevators - ending credits song, as Rust Cohle and Martin Hart discovers the church mural

 Episode 3: The Locked Room
1) Stand By Me by The Staples - plays in the beginning of the episode
2) Does My Ring Burn Your Finger by Buddy Miller -
3) I'm A One Woman Man by Johnny Horton -
4) Evangeline Special by Jo-El Sonnier - the second song during the dance scene at Longhorn's
5) The Heart That You Own by Dwight Yoakam - the first song during dance scene at Longhorn's

Episode 4: Who Goes There
1) A History of Bad Men by The Melvins - as Rust Cohle enters the biker bar
2) American Life by Primus - as Martin Hart enters the biker bar
3) Holy Mountain by Sleep
4) Clan In Da Front by Wu-Tang Clan - playing in housing project stash house during the raid
5) Honey Bee (Let's Fly To Mars) by Grinderman - the end of the 6-minute tracking shot as it zooms out to the helicopter view
6) Are You Alright by Lucinda Williams - as Rust Cohle trains and prepares to infiltrate the biker gang
7) Illegal Business by Boogie Down Productions - playing during the scene featuring a girl wearing a stars and stripes bikini and dancing
8) Bring It To Jerome by Bo Diddley - as crawdads come out of the boiling water
9) Rainin' In My Heart by Slim Harpo - plays during the diner scene with Maggie and Rust Cohle
10) Sur Le Borde de L'Eau (On The Water's Edge) by Blind Uncle Gaspard - playing during the bar scene right after Rust Cohle takes Martin hart away from the hospital

Episode 5: The Secret Fate Of All Life
1) Eli by Bosnian Rainbows - ending scene credits
2) Casey's Last Ride by Kris Kristofferson -opening scene at the bar
3) Tired Of Waiting For You by The Kinks - the roller skating scene with Martin Hart and his daughters
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